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Full text of "The Cambridge Natural History"

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prtrtly by the mater wlut'h taey throw out by a cow", ait which
they jw>e,ss in the nJddle of th*s forehead." Several b*.u* then
fcnt out in pursuit, F>t^e <f which were reserved for men whose
suit? doty it wa to :<.* r,;t oi the watt-r their comrades who
had overbalanced themselves in their excitement. TJie hurpoons
bore a mark by which their respective owners coizk! recognise
them, and the carcase of thi1 unimfil wu h'ired In a-rordtuice
with the numbers and owi-en* of the Irtr] Knrf found .- ticking in
the dead body of the "Whale. At thi. period the* fishery was at
its height. Bat it continued trt bf aa occ'iipatioi- alcorj those
shores until the beginning of the eighteenth eentuiy, after which
It gradually declined. Tiie lishery of Whales l-e^m to I:K tarried
farther afield than the shore, ai:d I'm* a Ling lime the BaHqnes
furnished expert harpcohers to \\ikiliiig vessels proceeding to the
Arctic: seas. A curious exaiuple of tLt* x-'oiitimianee of the fishery
until at least 1712 Ls given by Sir C. Murkhum. In the parish
records of Lemuel to f-:r that year, it Is noted that a couple were
^inicd who possessed K-tween tben. all the necessary outfit for
a whaling cruise.
The genus l&u'balut'na is interesting from more than one
point of view, Its size compared with its gigantic relatives is
small, some 16 or 17 feet The genus bears the same kind of
proportion to Salaena that Kogia does to Physetef among the
Physeteridae. It is one of those Whales which are very restricted
in habitat; up to the present it is only kno^n. from the Antarctic
region in the neighbourhood of New Zealand and South. Australia.
Structurally it is in a few points intermediate between the Eight
Whales and the Eorquals. The head is proportionately (as well
as, of course, actually) not so large as in Balaena. There is a
falcate dorsal fin; but the head in outline is not Korqual-like in
spite of its similar proportions. The whalebone is long. The
throat is not grooved. Neolalaena has forty-three vertebrae, of
which the cervicals are all fused. There are as many as seventeen
or eighteen dorsal vertebrae, the laigesfc nuinter in any Cetacean
as far as is known. With these are articulated not eighteen but
only seventeen ribs. The first dorsal vertebra appears to 1m with-
out a rib. The ribs are very broad and flat The body thus
gets an appearance of a SirenkiL The lumbar vertebime are
fewer than in any other Cetacean, being only two. The acupula
is more like that of the Borquals than that of the Right Whales;